Skip to main content

Thought for the Day: Celebration of Purim Depends On Where You Intend To Be

Having been through this several times now, I think I have it right.  Purim is the one holiday we have whose date of celebration depends on location.  This is not quite the same as "yom tov sheini shel galiyos", because there everyone is supposed to celebrate the holiday on the same day, it is just that there is uncertainty about when that date occurs.  The date of the Purim celebration, however, is actually different for cities that were walled from the time of Y'ho'shu bin Nun than for unwalled cities.  Even better, it depends on where you intend to be, as well as where you are.  Even better, it depends on where you intend to be in the morning, but there is already stuff to do the night before.  So here goes...

A Tel Aviv-nik decides to spend the day in Yerushalayim... the day, though, is the 14th of Adar.  He plans to return late-ish (after tzeis ha'kochavim) on the 15th.  Since he plans to have left Yerushalayim before one would be obligated in the morning megilla reading, he has the din of a "paruz"/one who lives in an open city.  Our Tel Aviv-nik will need to hear (or lein) the megila on the evening and morning of the 14th.  On his way to shul in the morning, though, he notes what a beautiful day it is and how fun Purim is and how good it will feel to be in the holy city... ahhh; so he decides to stay in Yerushalayim over night and leave on the morning of the 15th -- after, though, alos ha'shachar.  He can go find a Tel Aviv minyan that is not reading megila today and get his day in Yerushalayim started earlier, right?  Wrong.  The decision point happened at alos ha'shachar, when we still had in mind to return to Tel Aviv, so he is already obligated to read like a Tel Aviv-nik.  Moreover, he'll need to hear (or lein) megila again tonight and tomorrow morning, since he will then be a one day walled city dweller; even though he has already heard megila twice in Tel Aviv.

It could work the other way, also.  A Yerushalmi decides in the afternoon of the 14th of Adar to travel to Tel Aviv to spend the rest of the day and the next.  (I have no idea why anyone would want to stay a day in Tel Aviv; that's not the point.)  He won't be reading (nor leining) megila in Tel Aviv, because he wasn't there on the morning of the 14th at alos ha'shachar.  He won't read on the 15th, because by alos ha'shachar on the 15th he won't be in Yerushalayim.  (Spending a day in Tel Aviv and missing megila; I really, really don't get this guy.)  One twist: If he leaves after sundown on the 15th, then Halichos Shlomo recommends that he read/lein without a bracha out of nervousness for those opinions that the obligation takes hold at sundown instead of dawn.

In case you get bored, you might want to consider the following three cases that happen at 10:00AM on 14th of Adar in Chicago:
  1. An onein whose aninus ends
  2. A 13 year old boy who sprouts two hairs
  3. A ger whose conversion is affirmed by beis din and comes up from the mikveh

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Thought for the Day: Battling the Evil Inclination on all Fronts

Yom Kippur.  When I was growing up, there were three annual events that marked the Jewish calendar: eating matzos on Passover, lighting candles on Chanuka, and  fasting on Yom Kippur.  Major news organizations around the world report on the "surreal" and "eerie" quiet of the streets in even the most secular neighborhoods of Israel.  Yom Kippur.

As you know, I am observant of Jewish law.  Some have even called me "ultra orthodox" (not in a kind way).  Given that, I have a question.  How likely do you think that I would be tempted to eat on Yom Kippur, that most holy day of the year?  Let's make the scale zero to ten, where zero is "as likely as driving through McDonald's on Shabbos and ordering a Big Mac with extra cheese." and ten is "as likely as breathing regularly".  Take your time.  If you answered "zero"; thank you, but -- sadly and penitently -- no.  The answer is more like nine; I'd like to say lower, but i…

Thought for the Day: Using a Mitzvah Object for Non-Mitzvah Purposes

As I am -- Baruch HaShem -- getting older, I am more cognizant of the fact that I'd like to stay as healthy as possible right up the moment I leave this world.  Stuff hurting is not the problem (I am told there is an old Russian saying that once you are 40, if you wake up and nothing hurts -- you're dead), stuff not working, however, is a problem.  To that end, for several years now I commute to work by bicycle (weather permitting, 30 minutes on an elliptical machine when weather does not permit).  I recently took up some upper body weight training.  Not because I want to be governor of California, just simply to slow down loss of bone mass and extend my body's healthy span.  Simple hishtadlus.  I have an 18 month old grandson who is just the right weight for arm curls (yes... I am that weak), so I do about 10 reps when I greet him at night.  He laughs, I get my exercise; all good.  (Main problem is explaining to the older ones why zeidy can't give them the same "…

Thought for the Day: Coming Into This World for Torah, Avodah, and Acts of Loving Kindness

This TftD is so self-serving that I should be embarrassed.  But I am not... talking about grandchildren is always off budget.  I have, bli ayin hara, a beautiful new grandson; born at 6:11 PM CDT last Friday night.  The secular (aka -- by me, anyway -- slave) date is October 20, 2017 CE.  The Hebrew (aka Real) date is certainly Rosh Chodesh חשון/Cheshvan and certainly in the year 5778 since Creation.  The date, you ask... good question!

Sundown on Friday night was 6:01 PM CDT, which means he was born either at the end of the last day of תשרי or the beginning of the first day of Cheshvan; a period know as בין השמשות/twilight.  What's the big deal, you ask... I am so glad you asked.  We all deal quite handily with בין השמשות every week and every holiday; we're just stringent.  We start Shabbos and the first day of Yom Tov before בין השמשות; that is, before sundown.  Likewise, we end Shabbos and the first day of Yom Tov after בין השמשות; some 42, 50, 60, or 72 minutes after sundo…