Skip to main content

Thought for the Day: Eiruv Tavshilin, Rosh Chodesh, and Purim

I am, b'ezrash HaShem, going to tell you why you don't need an eiruv tavshilin when rosh chodesh or Purim fall on erev Shabbos.  Personally, I think the answer will be more meaning full if I first tell you why you would even think such a thing in the first place.  After all, you are probably just now wondering that.  In case, though, you've been wondering about this for eons I don't want to increase your distress by making you wait even another two paragraphs.  Hmm... ok:
--- SPOILER ALERT ---
Because there is no chiyuv s'uda (rosh chodesh), and we don't make g'zeiros on g'zeiros (Purim)
--- END SPOILER ALERT ---

For those of you who are left... The Shulchan Aruch 525:14, says that you should make the eiruv tavshilin mamash erev Yom Tov, but you are fine even if you make the eiruv tavshilin on one Yom Tov for a later Yom Tov (as long as the eiruv is still good to eat after all that time; smoked fish or whatnot).  The Mishna Brura explains that there are two reasons given as to the purpose of the eiruv tavshilin.  Rav Ashi says it is so your preparations on yom tov sheini are a continuation of the preparations done before the holiday started.  Rava says it is so you choose something nice for Shabbos before you get so wrapped up in simchas yom tov that you eat up all the goodies.  We pasken like Rav Ashi, so that's why you can make an eiruv tavshilin any time before the holiday.  L'chat'chila, however, we like to cover our bases and perform the mitzvah in such a way that Rava's reason is also covered; that, of course, is the reason to make the eiruv tavshilin mamash erev Yom Tov.

Now comes the fun part.  According to Rava's reason, the issur malacha is irrelevant (a red herring, if you will).  The problem he is addressing is related to you getting all wrapped up in the simcha and eating... which happens also with rosh chodesh and Purim.  Cool, eh?  We pasken like Rav Ashi, but why wouldn't Rava have required an eiruv tavshilin in those cases.  And since the Shulchan Aruch wants us to be choshess for Rava l'chatchila.  So what gives?

The Sha'agas Aryeh addresses the rosh chodesh issue.  Namely, while there is an issur to fast on rosh chodesh, there is no chiyuv s'uda per se.  Given that the chiyuv is not there, we are not worried about forgetting Shabbos.  It seems we are only worried about forgetting Shabbos when we are involved with fulfilling another mitzvah; just stahm eating a nice meal won't make us forget Shabbos.  That doesn't explain Purim, however.  Others want to say that since you can do malacha on Rosh Chodesh, Chazal weren't worried about forgetting Shabbos... you could always make something or run out to the store before Shabbos starts.  That, of course, also explains Purim.

How would the Sha'agas Aryeh explain Rava's not requiring an eiruv tavshilin before Purim that falls on erev Shabbos?  One could say, Chazal did not add decrees to decrees -- ein gozrin g'zeira l'g'zeira.  That's my value added... so it's particularly chaviv to me.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Thought for the Day: Using a Mitzvah Object for Non-Mitzvah Purposes

As I am -- Baruch HaShem -- getting older, I am more cognizant of the fact that I'd like to stay as healthy as possible right up the moment I leave this world.  Stuff hurting is not the problem (I am told there is an old Russian saying that once you are 40, if you wake up and nothing hurts -- you're dead), stuff not working, however, is a problem.  To that end, for several years now I commute to work by bicycle (weather permitting, 30 minutes on an elliptical machine when weather does not permit).  I recently took up some upper body weight training.  Not because I want to be governor of California, just simply to slow down loss of bone mass and extend my body's healthy span.  Simple hishtadlus.  I have an 18 month old grandson who is just the right weight for arm curls (yes... I am that weak), so I do about 10 reps when I greet him at night.  He laughs, I get my exercise; all good.  (Main problem is explaining to the older ones why zeidy can't give them the same "…

Thought for the Day: Thanking HaShem Each and Every Day for Solid Land Near Water

Each and every morning, a Jew is supposed to view himself as a new/renewed creation, ready for a new day of building his eternal self through Torah and mitzvos.  We begin the day with 16 brachos to praise/thank/acknowledge HaShem for giving us all the tools we need to succeed.  We have a body, soul, and intellect.  We have vision, mobility, and protection from the elements.  Among those brachos, we have one that perhaps seems a bit out of place: רוקע הארץ על המים/Who spreads out the land on/over the water.  After all, it's nice to have a dry place to walk, but does that compare to the gratitude I have for a working body and vision?  As it turns out, I should; as explained by the R' Rajchenbach, rosh kollel of Kollel Zichron Eliyahu (aka, Peterson Park Kollel).  Your best bet is to listen to the shiur; very distant second is to continue, which I hope will whet your appetite for the real thing.

First... since we have dry land, I don't have to slog to work through even a foot…

Thought for the Day: Hydroponically Grown Humans... I Feel Sick

I am quite openly not at all objective about abortion in particular and the treatment of human embryos and fetuses in general.  I am, after all, the survivor of a failed abortion attempt.  Not "thought about it, but couldn't go through with it"; not "made appointment, but then chickened out at the lost moment"; but, "tried a procedure, but was unsuccessful in attempt to abort".  Nonetheless, I try very hard to listen to the liberal arguments (which I also used to chant as part of the general liberal catechism), and am genuinely empathetic to the plight of women who find themselves in that difficult position.

What I heard on NPR this morning, however, has left me feeling physically ill.  You can read about it, if you like, but here's the bottom line:  Scientists in Cambridge have achieved a new record, they fertilized a human ova and then kept it alive in vitro (that is, in a test tube/petri dish in a laboratory) for 14 days.  The scientist involve…